We are taking steps to address the knowledge gaps on the basic biology of these species. We realise that there has been limited research, and there is need to undertake more comprehensive studies on the cytogenetics, biochemical and molecular components,and develop molecular tools and proper ontology for the future characterization of African Solanaceae plants. Recognising the lack of expertise in Africa for advanced research that would enhance knowledge of the African solanaceous species; we note, in particular,the need to build capacity in taxonomy, the Omics (genomics,proteomics, and metabolomics), human intervention studies, and biochemistry. Building infrastructure and developing relevant curriculum at various research and higher learning institutes will also significantly enhance the utilization of these crops and promote their contribution to poverty alleviation and food security.